Cardiac Intensive Care Unit (CICU) or Coronary Care Unit (CCU) is part of the cardiology department and supports patients needing specialized nursing care incorporating innovative techniques according to international guidelines. The unit is staffed with higher education registered nurses. Nurse-to-patient ratio is 1:2.
Cardio-Thoracic Intensive Care Unit is part of the cardio-surgical department and supports patients having undergone a cardiac surgery procedure, heart transplant or implantation of a ventricular support device. Planning nursing care is personalised, adaptable and is defined by nursing protocols developed to provide immediate, safe and balanced coverage of patients’ needs.
Nursing care in the Intensive Care Units (ICUs) has the following characteristics:
- Providing standardised personalised This is based on systematically reviewing care protocols used in the ICU according to empirical data, literature, recommendations from both Greek and international specialist scientific organisations
- Providing high-quality nursing care. This is achieved by adequate staffing and continuous education and training for ICU nurses.
- Empathy and psychological support. Patient care includes properly informing them, keeping relatives up-to-date and referring them to the proper services.
ICU nurses also take care of:
- 24-hour monitoring of vitals
- patient personal hygiene and care
- complication prevention
- infection prevention
- reducing patients’ physical and psychological stress
- maintaining reliable patient records
- balanced use of resources
To secure quality services, activities promoting nurses’ scientific knowledge and training are important. For this, emphasis is put on:
- Advancing nursing research. Nursing staff participate in research protocols.
- Intra-professional cooperation. Cooperation between all health professionals is a main priority and also a necessary requirement for improving patient care.
- Continuous professional education and training.